While developing mobile apps, businesses target android thanks to its huge worldwide mobile OS market share. Alphabet has created android available as an open source mobile platform. Also, it updates the mobile OS at regular intervals with new options and enhancements. however the penetration rate of individual versions of the mobile operating system differs.
Alphabet doesn’t regulate the Android smartphones, tablets, and phablets factory-made by numerous firms. Hence, the devices factory-made by completely different firms escort varied hardware options despite being steam-powered by a similar version of Android. that’s why; it becomes essential for developers build mobile apps by targeting a good vary of devices steam-powered by completely different versions of Android.
While coming up with, developing, and testing the mobile app, they have to focus extensively on its accessibility, practicality, performance, usability, and security of the mobile app to keep the users engaged in spite of their choice of android device. Also, they have to explore ways to make the app deliver customized user experience across varied devices and software package version. They further got to address variety of common challenges to develop a strong android app.
Understanding seven Common Challenges faced by android App Developers
1) Software Fragmentation
As mentioned earlier, the market share of individual versions of android differs. according to the most recent data released by Google, the most recent version of its mobile operating system – nougat – contains a market share lower than its predecessors – marshmallow, Lollipop and KitKat. every new version of android comes with many new options and enhancements. The developers ought to embody specific options within the app to create it deliver best user experience by taking advantage of those new options. At a similar time, they conjointly need to make sure that the app delivers rich and customized user experience on devices powered by older versions of android. The developers ought to target multiple versions of android to create the application popular and profitable within the short run.
2) Varied Hardware options
Unlike alternative mobile operating systems, android is open source. Alphabet permits device makers to customise its software package according to their specific desires. Also, it doesn’t regulate the android devices launched by numerous makers. Hence, the devices come with varied hardware options despite being powered by a similar version of android. for example, 2 devices powered by android nougat might differ from one another within the category of video display size, resolution, camera and alternative hardware options. whereas developing associate Android app, the developers need to make sure that it delivers customized experience to every user by accessing all hardware options of his device.
3) No Uniform interface designing process or Rules
Google has not released any common interface (UI) designing method or rules for the mobile app developers. Hence, most developers build android apps while not following any normal UI development method or rules. once the developers produce custom UI interfaces in their own approach, the apps don’t look or operate systematically across completely different devices. The incompatibility and variety of the UI affects the user experience delivered by the android app directly. The good developers select responsive layout to keep the UI consistent across several devices. Also, the developers ought to check the UI of their mobile app comprehensively by combining each real devices and emulators. however typically developers find it formidable to style a UI that create the app look consistent across numerous android devices.
4) API Incompatibility
Most developers use third-party APIs to boost the mobile app’s functionality and ability. however the standard of third-party Apis available for android app developers differs. Some APIs are designed for a selected version of android. Hence, these Apis don’t work on devices powered by completely different versions of the mobile OS. The developers ought to explore ways to create one API work on completely different versions of android. however they typically find it difficult to create the app work smoothly on completely different android devices with a similar set of API .
5) Security Flaws
Its open source nature makes it easier for device makers to customise android consistent with their specific needs. however the openness and its huge market share created android susceptible to frequent security attacks. There are several instances when security of immeasurable android devices has been impacted by security flaws or bugs like Stagefright, ‘Certifi-gate’ mRST, FakeID, Installer Hijacking and TowelRoot. The developers have to embody strong security measures within the application and use latest encryption mechanism to keep the user data secure despite targeted security attacks and security flaws in android.
6) Android Search Engine Visibility
The latest information posted on numerous websites depict that Google Play Store contains a a lot of higher range of mobile apps than Apple App Store. Also, an outsized share of android device users prefer free apps to paid apps. Hence, the developers ought to promote their mobile apps aggressively to accomplish higher download numbers and implement app monetisation choices. They conjointly need to implement a comprehensive digital marketing strategy to push the app by targeting the foremost relevant users. several developers have to avail the services of digital promoting professionals to push their apps aggressively.
7) Patent problems
The users have choice to choose from many android apps providing identical options and functionalities. however developers typically notice it daunting to build apps with distinctive options and functionality. They typically embody options and functionalities within the app that make it the same as variety of apps out there within the same class in the Play store. unlike Apple, Google doesn’t implement stringent guidelines to judge the standard of latest apps being submitted to its app store. Lack of standardized quality assessment guidelines typically make developers address problems associated with patent. Some developers have to style and modify their apps in future to avoid patent problems.